Family immigration, particularly the process of sponsoring a family member to travel or live in another country, presents an intriguing yet complex journey, notably in the context of the United States. From understanding visa categories to meeting legal requirements, the path involves numerous considerations.

Navigating this intricate process requires a comprehensive guide that meticulously outlines a step-by-step procedure. In this guide, we unravel the intricacies of sponsoring a family member to come to the US, offering valuable insights and practical advice to facilitate a smoother journey for you and your loved ones.

How do I file for family immigration in the US?

Below are the necessary steps that you need to follow from understanding eligibility guidelines down to completion of required forms in order for you to reunite with your loved ones legally, under the land of opportunity.

1. Determine Eligibility

Before embarking on the sponsorship journey, verify if you meet all requirements. American citizens can sponsor immediate relatives like spouses, parents and unmarried children under 21. Permanent residents are authorized to sponsor spouses and unmarried children.

Make sure that you are the intended immigrant’s partner and have proper eligibility to sponsor him.

2. File Form I-130

The first step of family immigration entails filing Form I130, Petition for Alien Relative. This form sets forth the qualifying relationship between petitioner (sponsor) and intending immigrant.

Provide all necessary documentation, including evidence of the relationship and status as a sponsor. It will then be reviewed by USCIS, and upon approval it would get to the NVC.

3. Wait for USCIS Approval

Once the petition is filed, you must wait while USCIS processes and finally approves it. The processing time may change, so it is recommended to check the USCIS site for updates.

Upon the approval, USCIS will notify confirming the approval and transferring it to National Visa Center (NVC).

4. National Visa Center Processing

The NVC will process the approved petition and assign a case number. You will be expected to pay the requisite fees and other documents, which include Affidavit of Support (Form I-864), proof of financial ability, Choice of Agent form.

5. Affidavit of Support

Sponsors must show that they have the fiscal ability to support their family members in the United States through I-864 and an Affidavit of Support.[2] This is a legally binding document that ensures the immigrant will not become a public charge.

The sponsor’s income, assets and work history will be analyzed to find out the amount of financial support they would offer.

6. Submit Visa Application (DS-260)

The sponsored family members will be required to fill out Form DS-260 after payment of the fees. This form gathers data about the prospective migrants and their suitability for U. After submitting, print the confirmation page for future reference.

7. Attend the Visa Interview

The immigrant first must attend a visa interview at the US embassy or consulate. They will be asked about their eligibility and kinship with the sponsor during this interview.

Submit all required documents, including a valid passport, medical tests’ results, and police certificates. The successful applicant will then be issued an immigrant visa on their passport.

8. Travel to the U.S.

After obtaining the immigrant visa, the family member will travel to the United States. The visa usually expires, so one should make sure to travel within that window.

Upon arrival, the immigrant will be given their Permanent Resident Card (Green Card) under which he or she becomes a lawful permanent resident.

A Smooth Family Immigration Process

Sponsoring a family member’s relocation to the United States also involves some considerations and observation of immigration processes. With this guidance, you can handle the process smoothly and invite your family members to their cozy home.