Effective treatment for cancer, particularly in its advanced stages, necessitates the utilization of cutting-edge technologies, innovative pharmaceuticals, and advanced methodologies. These resources are typically accessible solely within specialized cancer centers and top-tier medical facilities around the globe.

In this article, we delve into five groundbreaking cancer treatments that have demonstrated notable efficacy, particularly in the management of stage 4 cancer.

1. Dendritic cell therapy for cancer

Dendritic cell vaccines are part of cancer immunotherapy. Dendritic cell treatment is personalized. Blood cells are taken from a person, converted into dendritic cells in the laboratory, and then trained to recognize the tumor by adding antigens. Antigens are targets for the immune system to attack.

When preparing for cancer treatments with dendritic cells, both standard antigen sets and lysate of the patient’s tumor tissue obtained from surgery or biopsy can be used. After subcutaneous injection of the vaccine, the dendritic cells transmit information about the antigens to T-cells, so an immune response is triggered.

The treatment method is systemic. It affects not only the tumor, but also the metastases. You can check the dendritic cell immunotherapy cost on the Booking Health website.

2. Pressurized intraperitoneal aerosol chemotherapy (PIPAC)

The method is used in peritoneal carcinomatosis. In this type of oncological progression, the cancer spreads through the abdomen with the development of multiple metastases. PIPAC involves treating the abdomen with chemotherapeutic agents through a minimally invasive laparoscopic approach to reduce the size of tumors.

These cancer treatments provides better results for tumors of the colon, rectum, ovaries and appendix, and can also be used for neoplasms of the stomach, pancreas and primary peritoneal tumors.

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3. Radiotargeted therapy

Lutetium-177 PSMA therapy is used abroad to treat advanced prostate cancer. The technique involves injecting a radiopharmaceutical that targets PSMA. This is a protein found only in cancer cells. As a result, the radioactive substance accumulates in the tumor and metastases, destroying pathological tissues with radiation.

These cancer treatments make it possible to reduce the size of tumors and sometimes even to destroy them completely. It works well in the most severe cases: prostate cancer with metastases in distant organs and lymph nodes, when hormone therapy and chemotherapy no longer help to control the disease.

4. Chemoembolization and radioembolization

Tiny microspheres loaded with chemo drugs or radioactive substances are injected into the arteries that feed the tumor. As a result, these arteries are blocked and the cancer cells die because they are deprived of nutrients. The effect is enhanced by chemo drugs or radionuclides that are released from the microspheres over a long period of time, entering the tumor tissue and destroying the cancer cells.

These cancer treatmentsare most commonly used for liver cancer and metastatic liver lesions in patients with colorectal cancer. In recent years, it has also been widely used for other cancers: lung, kidney, adrenal, thyroid.

5. CAR T-cell therapy

It involves genetically modifying a patient’s immune cells to better recognize and attack the tumor. This new technique is developing rapidly. It has already achieved breakthroughs in the treatment of lymphoma and leukemia, and significant advances in the treatment of many types of cancer are expected in the near future. Widespread application of CAR T-cell therapy has been limited by the high cost of treatment.

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Groundbreaking Cancer Treatments

If you want to undergo diagnostics and cancer treatment abroad, including the use of innovative methods, leave a request on the Booking Health website. Medical tourism specialists will choose the best clinic for you, considering your diagnosis. On the Booking Health website you can find out prices and make an appointment on convenient dates.