Like every product, there are different strains that result in different types of marijuana. The three main types of cannabis are indica, sativa, and hybrid. Every variety contains different types and amounts of chemicals that produce different biological and psychological effects in humans. Learn more about each strain and determine the type that is right for your personal needs.
Cannabis indica is a wide-leafed plant of the family Cannabaceae and the genus Cannabis. It is used recreationally for its high production levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which creates the euphoric effects that are characteristic of marijuana. It is a medicinal drug that relieves the symptom of pain in people with severe illnesses. In addition to pain relief, Cannabis indica is known to reduce anxiety and treat insomnia.
Cannabis sativa, which originates from the same genus and family as indica but contains long, skinny leaves, is used in food, religious, medicinal and recreational drug industries. This plant produces high concentrations of THC, a cannabinoid that creates psychoactive effects, and cannabidiol (CBD), a non-psychoactive compound that is medicinal in nature. CBD is proven to relieve pain, anxiety and depression in short-term and chronic disorders that affect the nerves, muscles and cognition.
At a typical marijuana dispensary, you’ll find numerous varieties that include cannabis hybrid in addition to indica, sativa and ruderalis strains. Hybrids contain varying ratios of different components, such as products that contain 60% indica and 40% sativa. Hybrids are favorable for combining qualities from two or more types of strains. Some varieties are bred entirely to produce medicinal cannabis while others are bred for recreational usage.
Synthetic cannabis is designed to imitate the effects of real cannabis. An example is dronabinol, a synthetic THC that lacks the components of cannabidiol (CBD) and other cannabinoids that produce significant health benefits. Synthetic users must be cautious to avoid buying contaminated products that cause serious side effects. When visiting a dispensary, they are encouraged to look for natural ingredients on the labels.
There are countless different names that are given to one drug, including marijuana. As you buy cannabis products, you’ll discover that some cannabis produces psychoactive effects while others do not. This drug is also made in different forms from pills to oils and dried leaves. Before you shop, learn more about the different strains of marijuana and the various types of products.